Open political parties: applying the principles of Open Government to Spanish political affiliations1

Los partidos políticos abiertos: aplicación de los principios del gobierno abierto a las formaciones políticas españolas

1 This research has been carried out within the framework of the RDI project entitled, “Strategies, Agendas and Speeches in Cyber-Electoral Campaigns: Media and Citizens”, of the University of Valencia (CSO2016-77331-C2-1-R), financed by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.

doxa.comunicación | 31, pp. 63-86 | 63

July-December of 2020

ISSN: 1696-019X / e-ISSN: 2386-3978

How to cite this article

Díez-Garrido, M. (2020).Open political parties: applying the principles of Open Government to Spanish political affiliations. Doxa Comunicación, 31, pp. 63-86.

https://doi.org/10.31921/doxacom.n31a3

María Díez Garrido is a postdoctoral researcher in Communication at the University of Valladolid. She is a mem-ber of the research team of the RDI project entitled, “Strategies, agendas and discourse in cyber-electoral cam-paigns: media and citizens” (University of Valencia), financed by the Ministry of the Economy and Competi-tiveness. She is also a member of the GIR OCENDI (Observatory of Leisure and Digital Entertainment) at the University of Valladolid. Professor Diéz Garrido has carried out research stays at the Centre for Political and Con-stitutional Studies in Madrid (CEPC) and at the University of Manchester. She has participated as a researcher in the Observatory of Citizen Participation (Observatorio de Participación Ciudadana), which is included among the commitments of the National Action Plan III of Spanish Open Government. Her work has focused on the study of transparency, digital political communication, and social networks.

University of Valladolid, Spain

maria.diez.garrido@uva.es

ORCID: 0000-0002-5430-7708

Abstract:

Open government has experienced strong development in the political arena as well as in academic studies. This article explores the possibility of adapting the foundations of open government (transparency, participation and collaboration) to political parties. In Spain, such parties have experienced great mistrust from citizens, which goes hand in hand with the high level of public contributions in their financing. These factors have made it necessary to develop the concept of open political parties. This study is based on a conceptual approach using the Delphi methodology in which 20 experts from the fields of Communication, Law and Political Science have contributed their knowledge in two rounds of questionnaires. The results were used to draft a Guide to Best Practice for Open Political Parties, which was used later to evaluate these organisations. The analysis shows that parties still have not developed the foundations mentioned above, especially with regard to their involvement and interaction with citizens.

Keywords:

transparency; open political parties; open government; participation; collaboration.

Resumen:

El gobierno abierto ha experimentado un fuerte auge en el escenario político y en los estudios académicos. Este artículo reflexiona sobre la adaptación de los pilares del gobierno abierto (transparencia, participación y colaboración) a los partidos políticos. Estas forma-ciones en España sufren una gran desconfianza ciudadana, que se suma al alto porcentaje de aportaciones públicas en su financia-ción. Todo ello hace necesario desarrollar el concepto de partidos políticos abiertos. El estudio parte de una aproximación concep-tual, realizada con la metodología Delphi, en el que 20 expertos de los campos de la Comunicación, el Derecho y las Ciencias Políticas han aportado sus conocimientos en dos rondas de cuestionarios. Los resultados sirvieron para redactar una Guía de buenas prácticas para partidos políticos abiertos, que posteriormente se ha utilizado para evaluar a las formaciones. El análisis muestra que los partidos aún deben desarrollar los pilares, especialmente su implicación e interacción de la ciudadanía.

Palabras clave:

Transparencia; partidos políticos abiertos; gobierno abierto; parti-cipación; colaboración.

Received: 23/03/2020 - Accepted: 14/10/2020

Recibido: 23/03/2020 - Aceptado: 14/10/2020